Castle in Castelnovo ne' Monti
Monte Castello - 42035 Castelnovo Ne Monti
How to get there:
Castelnovo ne' Monti can be reached from Reggio Emilia taking the SS n 63 (km 44)
You get there from Modena Sassuolo taking the SP n 15 and you continue on the SS n 486 of the Radici Pass up to Cerredolo where you take the SP 19 up to Gatta, then you continue on the SP 9 from Gatta to Felina, SS 63 up to Castelnovo ne' Monti (km 65).
From Parma you get there taking the SS 513 Parma, Traversetolo, S. Polo d'Enza, Vetto, C. Monti (km 59)
The remains of the antique castle rise on the peak of Mount Castello, surrounded by thick pines woods.
Between the road of Vetto and Piazza Peretti a fairly steep path is all that remains of the castle.
The ruins of a castle belonging to the ancient fort, survey from the top the valleys of Enza and Secchia rivers.
The toponym "Castrum Novum" was coined to differentiate it from "Castrum Vetus", situated on the Pietra Bismantova.
The Canossa are reputed as the purchasers of the fortified complex erected from 1062 to 1110. The following year Matilde assigns the "Castrum Novum" to the monastery of Canossa and it remained an ecclesiastic possession until 1156.
In 1297 Bernardino Fogliani and Rolondini Canossa occupied Castelnovo and the fort.
Ettore da Panico, nominated Podestà at Castelnovo, was ordered to demolish the entire fortified complex, including the walls.
In 1413 the Canossa undertook the construction of a new castle of which, the following year, they obtained the investiture by Marquis Nicolò III d'Este.
In 1415 the Estensi took possession of "Castrum Novum" and transformed it in1521 into the seat of the podesteria.
Of this ancient construction currently there are edges of the walled curtain and the masonry of the pillared tower left, which rises a few meters from the country plain. The square-planned tower has a surface made of finished sandstone ashlars while the structures located on the southern tip of this "trincerato field" are difficult to interpret and perhaps belong to a cistern.
Last update: April 11, 2022