The tower of Rossenella

Place:

Rossena - 42026 Canossa

Municipality:

CANOSSA
Piazza Matteotti, 28 - loc. Ciano d'Enza, 42026 Canossa (RE)
0522 248411, 0522 248450
urp@comune.canossa.re.it 
www.comune.canossa.re.it

Contacts:

How to get there:

Accessibility
It's about 3.5 km from the administrative capital. From the administrative capital you take the SS 54 in the direction of Casina and following the directions for Rossena

Opening times:

Opening from 17 April to 1 November in 2022

Geographic Area:

Matildic zone

Analytical text:

Description
The tower, as a fort, rises on the two peaks of a volcanic formation having a unique two-headed profile. It is oriented according to cardinal coordinates, with the long sides facing north and south and the short sides facing east and west. At the foot of the entrance there's a cistern for collecting water, whose rational location permits a saving of thermal energy. The tower is arranged on three floors: the ground floor used to store food didn't have an entrance. On the arrival floor near the entrance, near the entrance, there's a fireplace, and in front of this there once was room for resting and eating for the inhabitants of the tower. The upper floor could be used as a dwelling, constituting the lodgings for the feudal vassals or the captain who defended the post, or as a lookout, allowing for a rest area for the guards. On the ground floor, the opening was made of a single splayed embrasure, while on the eastern side there was a storage room. The windows were equipped with a very small hole defined by slab ashlars, in such a way as to allow for safe observation. Towards the inside, behind the thickness of the wall, a wide opening cut following an anthropomorphic profile consented movement by the armour-bearer. On the southern side, where the rock juts out, two atypical overlapping apertures constituted the bathrooms. Access to the tower was possible through a retractable ladder which, pulled back inside, needed its own space on the long wall. Connection between the floors was through wooden ladders hooked to the stone corbels. What is left of the Rossenella tower are the first two floors and a part of the third.

Last update: June 13, 2022